5 Common Causes of Teeth Sensitivity You Should Know

Did you ever experience sudden and severe pain in your teeth when you eat ice cream or drink hot tea? If yes, you may have a condition that is called teeth sensitivity. It usually occurs when the tooth enamel becomes too thin and various irritants can reach the nerve endings. As a result, you may have attacks of sharp unbearable pain during eating or drinking.

It is essential to understand that teeth sensitivity should be treated. However, it is also important to know the underlying cause of this condition since the treatment will depend on it. In this article, we gathered five common causes of teeth sensitivity you should know.

1. Improper tooth brushing

Toothbrushing is an essential part of proper oral care. If you don’t brush your teeth twice a day, it may lead to plaque build-up that becomes a perfect environment for various bacteria. These bacteria may cause cavities and other diseases that affect gums and teeth.

However, excessive tooth brushing or the use of a toothbrush with stiff bristles can also lead to teeth sensitivity. The reality is that you simply can scratch and wear out your tooth enamel that will also expose the dentin (softer layer of the tooth that contains blood vessels and nerve endings). That’s why it is better to choose a toothbrush with soft bristles.

2. Increased consumption of acids

If you are fond of acidic foods and drinks, you may develop increased teeth sensitivity over time. Acids can soften your tooth enamel and wear it out. Moreover, the acidic environment disrupts the normal pH of the oral cavity that leads to the gradual destruction of tooth enamel.

Many people also prefer to brush their teeth right after a meal. However, you shouldn’t forget that after the consumption of acidic foods and drinks, your enamel becomes softer. As a result, you will remove it during toothbrushing. It is recommended to drink a glass of plain water to remove acids and brush your teeth 30 minutes after the meal.

3. Questionable teeth whitening kits

There is a huge variety of teeth whitening options. You can perform in-office teeth whitening, use OTC whitening kits, or try various home remedies. However, you shouldn’t forget that all these options can affect your tooth enamel. 

If professional teeth whitening is the safest and can increase your teeth sensitivity for a few days, other options can be quite dangerous. The solutions and mixtures can wear out your tooth enamel and burn your gums. That’s why you should consult your dentist before trying any teeth whitening options. 

4. Gum disease

Gum disease occurs because of bacteria overgrowth in the oral cavity that causes inflammation. At the initial stage of gum disease (gingivitis), you may experience gum redness, swelling, and bleeding. 

When the condition becomes advanced (periodontitis), you may develop a gum recession that exposes the sensitive parts of your teeth. As a result, you may experience a severe toothache that is accompanied by gum bleeding and bad breath (halitosis).

5. Tooth decay

Tooth decay can also make your teeth more sensitive. If the cavity reaches the dentin, you may experience pain while eating or drinking. In most cases, the pain intensifies when you consume sweets and cold or hot drinks and foods. However, it can also occur when you inhale cold air.

If you have noticed that some of your teeth react to temperature changes or other irritants, you should visit the dentist. It is essential to treat tooth decay as early as possible. If left untreated, it can reach the root of the tooth and may cause unbearable pain. 

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