Chronic venous insufficiency is a kind of disease in which leg veins are unable to pump sufficient blood back to the heart. The main cause of occurrence of the CVI is when the valves of veins are damaged and blood flow is obstructed. Other than that, it may be caused by the congenital absence of the venous valves. If you are experiencing irritation or heaviness in the legs, you should visit veins centers soon.
There are multiple risk factors of CVI. Overage is one of the prominent factors of CVI. when you are over age, the valves of the veins become thinner that directly affects the blood flow leading to the formation of a blood clot. The problem can be genetic. This means when you have a family history of DVT or CVI then you are the most likely to be prone to CVI. One more basic reason for suffering from CVI is obesity, if you are overweight then the extra weight of your body pressurizes the veins and this increased pressure weakens and damages the valves of the vein. Because of this reason, blood starts pooling in them leading to swollen legs. Prolonged sitting and standing can also make them suffer from CVI. To know more about the CVI, you may contact a vein doctor.
What causes chronic venous insufficiency?
Since veins carry blood back to the heart from all the body’s organs. It is essential to the blood in the upward direction to reach the heart from veins in the legs. During the process, calf muscles and the feet muscles need to contract with each step to compress the veins and push the blood upward. The veins consist of single-way valves to function the process. But when the valves are damaged due to overage or obesity, the process of blood flow back to the heart becomes difficult and this increases blood pressure in the veins and if it is elevated for a longer period of time, it can cause CVI. This type of condition requires a vein treatment.
What are the symptoms of chronic venous insufficiency?
The following symptoms are mentioned below:
If the CVI is not treated in a timely manner, the pressure keeps increasing until the thinnest blood vessels do not explode or burst. If this happens, you will notice a reddish-brown color wavy stretched lines on the surface of the skin and can be broken if it is bumped or scratched.
How CVI is diagnosed?
Your doctor will examine your medical history and physical exam to diagnose the CVI. The physical exam involves the deep examination of the legs with the help of a test, known as a vascular or duplex ultrasound to examine the blood circulation in the legs. During the physical examination, a small hand-held device referred to as a transducer is placed on the skin over the veins to get examined. The emitted sound waves from the transducer bounce off the veins. This process is recorded and an image will be taken of the vessels and displayed on the monitor.
You need to worry much about this vein disease as fortunately there are several painless treatments available, you can choose any one of the vein treatments near me are available.