Pain medications: what are they and when to use them?

Pain medications are those drugs that have a modulating effect on it and mainly refer to the family of analgesics, although it will always depend on the type of pain. For example, the pain produced by a nerve injury has an expression in the form of electrical sensations such as cramps and tingling that has a different treatment than when the cause is a sprain or a blow.


Antidepressants are also often used, although, in any case, these medications must be prescribed by Pain Doctors in West Orange and always in low doses so that the improvement is continuous but minimizing the side effects. In some instances, and not only in cancer patients, but the only alternative also is the use of opioids derived from morphine, which, if used correctly, are very safe, and there is no risk of addiction.

Mild pain: non-opioid pain relievers

Moderate pain: minor opioids and non-opioid pain relievers

Severe pain: potent opioids and non-opioid pain relievers

Also, in all cases, treatment with adjuvants such as antidepressants, anticonvulsants, or phenothiazines must be complemented.

Medications for pain in chronic patients

Without a doubt, people with chronic diseases are those who require prolonged control of this problem. Pain Specialist West Orange insists that it is difficult to specify in which cases it is most necessary since pain is a symptom that something is not working correctly in the body.

The pain relievers like acetaminophen, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen and naproxen, and minor or significant opioid-based pain relievers are the most commonly used in people with chronic conditions with mild or moderate pain. The therapy can be completed with other medications such as corticosteroids, antidepressants, anxiolytics, anticonvulsants, or so-called neuroleptics. All of them will enhance the efficacy of pain relievers and will treat some symptoms that usually appear accompanying pain.

The most potent opioids against pain are those that include codeine, fentanyl, morphine, and oxycodone.

Pain medications in cancer patients

Another important group of people who require the use of this medication is those affected by any type of cancer. In this regard, this expert insists that patients must not endure any type of pain as well as they must be well informed about possible side effects to be able to quickly identify them and do not generate complications.

The main drugs administered against pain in people with cancer are non-opioid analgesics, opioids or narcotics, and others such as anticonvulsants or antidepressants for neural pain or steroids for bloating, always on a scale of less to more details.

The nursing staff plays an important role in pain control both by assessing it, the health education it imparts to the patient, and adherence to Pain Treatment West Orange.

Other alternatives to treat pain

In the case of people with chronic pain, it is indicated that there are other complementary therapies or to act when the medication does not work.

Electrical stimulation

The sensation of pain in certain areas can be reduced with the use of stimulating devices that work very well if applied to the skin, although more sophisticated ones work when applied close to the nervous system: nerves, spinal cord, brain. However, these more invasive techniques are performed only if other, more straightforward methods have failed to attempt pain relief.


The exercises and controlled movements of the extremities with pain often help restore the elasticity of joints and muscles, which helps to improve the quality of life of the patient.

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